Mid Autumn Festival, also known as Moon Festival, moonlight birthday, moon Eve, autumn festival, Mid Autumn Festival, moon worship Festival, yueniang Festival, Moon Festival and reunion festival, is a traditional festival among Chinese people. The Mid Autumn Festival originated from the worship of celestial phenomena and evolved from the worship of the moon on autumn Eve in ancient times. At first, the festival of “sacrificing the moon” was held on the 24 solar terms “autumnal equinox” of the Ganzhi calendar. Later, it was adjusted to August 15 of the summer calendar (lunar calendar). In some places, the Mid Autumn Festival was set on August 16 of the summer calendar. Since ancient times, the Mid Autumn Festival has folk customs such as sacrificing the moon, appreciating the moon, eating moon cakes, playing lanterns, appreciating osmanthus, drinking osmanthus wine and so on.
The Mid Autumn Festival originated in ancient times, popularized in the Han Dynasty, shaped in the early Tang Dynasty and prevailed after the Song Dynasty. The Mid Autumn Festival is a synthesis of autumn seasonal customs. Most of the festival customs factors contained in it have ancient origins. The Mid Autumn Festival symbolizes people’s reunion with the full moon. In order to place the feeling of missing hometown and relatives, and pray for harvest and happiness, it has become a rich, colorful and precious cultural heritage.
The Mid Autumn Festival, the Spring Festival, the Qingming Festival and the Dragon Boat Festival are known as the four traditional festivals in China. Influenced by Chinese culture, the Mid Autumn Festival is also a traditional festival for some countries in East and Southeast Asia, especially local Chinese and overseas Chinese. On May 20, 2006, the State Council listed it in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. Since 2008, the Mid Autumn Festival has been listed as a national legal holiday.